Filed under: Fiber Arts, FO Friday, Knitting | Tags: alpaca, cardigan, FO, hand knit, knit, Knitting, Knitty, sweater
Rag and bone man, picking up the tin can,
Throwin’ it all in his donkey wagon.
Rag and bone man, coming down the street,
Come around here ‘bout every other week.
~ “Rag and Bone,” Gaelic Storm
Yarn: Pure Luxury Organic Peruvian Alpaca by Cottage Industry (discontinued) in color 1 (cream) and 5 (gray). I bought this yarn years ago. I was a newish knitter and a friend from my knitting group had stumbled across a yarn store that was going out of business and selling off their inventory (on Ebay, maybe?). New knitter me though “Ooh, alpaca, fancy!” and bought two bags of each of the three colors on offer (cream, gray, and brown) and then proceeded to do not much with it. I made an Aleita Shell with the cream, which I loved and was very proud of. Sadly, I finally had to admit that I never wore it because it was too short waisted and made me do the Picard maneuver so I passed it on to a friend who could wear it. And so, I still had a large amount of brown and gray and a slightly less large amount of cream kicking around the stash. When I decided to do Iced I did some swatching and some math (crazy, right?) and figured out that I got gauge if I held three strands together and I would have enough yardage if I used one strand of cream and two strands of gray. *Ragg is a yarn formed of two strands of dyed wool and one strand of undyed wool.
Notes: I started this several years ago (ah, yes, here we go, it was definitely in the WIP pile over three years ago), finished everything except one and a half sleeves, stalled out, had a baby, blah blah blah. I finally picked it up and finished it this winter and I’m so glad I did. It’s super warm and comfy and I’ve been wearing it a lot. Unfortunately, given the lag time between starting and finishing, I don’t remember a whole lot of details. I seem to have used the US size 11 needles the pattern calls for and knit the large size. I worked the bottom edge of the sweater and the cuffs in garter stitch to match the shawl collar because I didn’t like the unfinished look of curled edges that the pattern calls for. I think those are the only real changes I made. **I finished it off with hand carved bone buttons from here.
Filed under: Fiber Arts, Knitting, WiP Wednesday | Tags: hand knit, knit, Knitting, Knitting Olympics, rainbow, scarf
Someday we’ll find it, the rainbow connection.
The lovers, the dreamers and me.
~ “Rainbow Connection,” The Muppets
Filed under: History | Tags: 1860s, false hair, fashion, hair, hairnet, hairpiece, hairstyle, History, tutorial
“My dear, where did you get it? Twenty-five dollars! Jo, I hope you haven’t done anything rash?”
“No, it’s mine honestly. I didn’t beg, borrow, or steal it. I earned it, and I don’t think you’ll blame me, for I only sold what was my own.”
As she spoke, Jo took off her bonnet, and a general outcry arose, for all her abundant hair was cut short.
“Your hair! Your beautiful hair!” “Oh, Jo, how could you? Your one beauty.” “My dear girl, there was no need of this.” “She doesn’t look like my Jo any more, but I love her dearly for it!”
~Little Women, Louisa May Alcott
While I’m certainly not going to accuse anyone of cutting off their one beauty, I know that having a shorter, modern hairstyle is a challenge for many female reenactors (including myself). There were occasional trends for short hairstyles on women in various historic time periods and other reasons that women might have their hair cut short, but in general women had much longer and more elaborately styled hair than is common today. So, what’s a modern girl to do? Of course, you could spend many years growing your hair out, but even with quite long hair it can still be difficult to achieve the right look. How did women achieve impressive hairstyles like this?
Well, some women had other women around to help style their hair – mothers, sisters, or even lady’s maids, but the real answer is that they were great big fakers. Throughout history, women have used all manner of false hair to supplement their own hair and achieve fashionable styles. What do you think Jo’s shorn hair was used for, anyway?
So, in the noble tradition of our ancestresses, we’re going to fake it until we make it.
The following is a style that I’ve devised to turn my modern, shoulder-length, layered hairstyle into something appropriate for 1860s reenacting. This style works best on hair between chin and shoulder length that can mostly be pulled back into a low ponytail. It was inspired by originals like these.
Before we get started, a few general rules about ladies’ hairstyles in the 1860s.
- Fashion dictated that ladies’ hair should be parted in the center. Men parted their hair on the side.
- The desired shape was low and round to enhance the roundness of the face. There should be very little height on top of the head and lots of fullness around the sides of the face and nape of the neck.
- Hair should be very smooth. To the modern eye this often looks greasy both because hair was washed less frequently than it usually is now and because various types of oils and grease were used as styling aids. Smooth and slicked down was considered more attractive than tousled and flyaway.
- Ladies always covered their hair when leaving the house. Even the best hairstyle is no excuse to run around outside without an appropriate hat or bonnet.
Of course, there are always exceptions to the rules so do your own research to make sure that whatever hairstyle you choose is appropriate to the time period, location, activity, and individual that you are portraying.
Now, on to the tutorial!
- Dirty hair. Yes, really. I have the best luck with this hairstyle if I haven’t washed my hair in two or three days.
- A brush
- A comb
- Some sort of styling aid. You can use hairspray, gel, or mousse in a pinch, but you’ll get a more historically accurate look with something greasier like pomade. A multitude of modern pomades and hair waxes are available. If you’re feeling particularly historically accurate you can make your own pomade from a period recipe. You may even have something on hand that will work. I use a body butter that I happen to have that’s mostly shea butter.
- A bun that matches your hair color. Kanekalon is a fairly good quality synthetic hair at a really reasonable price. I bought this switch, braided it, coiled it and sewed it in place so that it would hold its shape, and covered it with a fine hair net to keep it smooth (although you can see in the picture it’s starting to frizz a bit). For tips on working with Kanekalon, check out this post on the Sewing Academy.
- Two rats or chignon forms. My rats are two of these hairpieces which I happened to have on hand, wrapped in fine hairnets. You can purchase mesh chignon forms or you can do what women did historically – save the hair that collects on your brush and bundle that into a rat when you have enough. If you don’t have a hair receiver for collecting your shed hair, a small, empty tissue box works well.
- Two flip clips
- A rubber band
- Bobby pins. I use 10 large pins. You may need additional small pins to secure flyaway hair if your hair is shorter or has more layers.
- A hairnet if desired. Dissertations could be (and have been) written on 1860s hair nets. Here’s the brief summary of the relevant facts for day wear hair nets – ribbon hair nets for evening wear are another story. They were called hair nets, not snoods. They were worn over styled hair, not loose hair. They were quite fine and in a color that matched the hair. They were generally made of silk and netted. Mine is technically incorrect because it’s crocheted cotton. I didn’t know better when I made it, but it’s not too bad. You can net your own if you want to be really accurate or you can buy one that’s not too bad.
1. Part your hair down the center from your hairline to the crown of your head.
2. Make a second part across the crown of your head from ear to ear. Use clips or rubber bands to hold the front two sections of hair out of the way. Pull the back section of hair smoothly into a low ponytail at the nape of your neck.
You should now have a nice T-shaped part.
3. Using large bobby pins, secure a rat slightly behind and above each ear.
4. Pull one front section of hair back over the rat making sure it’s very smooth. Secure behind the rat with a flip clip. Repeat on the other side.
6. Use your styling aid to smooth your hair and tame flyaways, paying special attention to smoothing the front sections on either side of the center part. If using pomade, remember that a little goes a long way. I put a small dab of body butter on my hands and rub it in like lotion and then rub my hands over my hair to smooth it down.
7. If desired (or needed for a little more coverage and control of short layers), add a hairnet.
Filed under: Dyeing, Fiber Arts, FO Friday, Sheared Bliss Fibers | Tags: dye, Dyeing, FO, hand dyed, natural dye, Sheared Bliss Fibers, Wild Yarns, yarn, yarn store
. . . is another person’s WIP. I just dropped this pile of freshly dyed blues and greens off at Wild Yarns, ready to go off into the world and be made into beautiful things.
And this has been sent off to the lovely Kim at Maru Designs to become part of a new pattern series she has in the works.
Filed under: Colorado, Food, History, Museum | Tags: cooking, dinner, Food, historic foodways, historic house, History, Littleton Museum, Museum
Looking for something fun, educational, entertaining, and delicious to do in the new year? Have you ever wanted to step back in time and taste history? This is your chance. The Littleton Museum will be hosting Mastering the Art of Frontier Cooking with Miss Beecher early next year.
Enjoy the 1860s farm in a unique way! Prepare a meal using “receipts” from cookbooks published in the 1800s. With assistance from the interpreters, you will churn, roast, bake, and boil a delicious feast. Once the food is prepared, you will dine by lamplight in the cozy cabin.
This is one of my very most favorite events to do at the museum. If you would like to join us for this truly unique experience, call the Littleton Museum at 303-795-3950 to register for the January 11th, February 8th, or March 8th dinner.
Filed under: Fiber Arts, FO Friday, Knitting | Tags: cute, hand knit, headband, knit, Knitting, silly, toddler
Pattern: Moura Headband
Notes: A nice little pattern for a very quick knit that uses a tiny amount of yarn. I really love this headband and wear it multiple times a week. I’m thinking I need to make some more like it because not everything in my wardrobe goes with red. It’s great for disguising I-haven’t-showered-in-a-couple-of-days hair. Also good for toddler silliness.
Wishing you and yours a warm, cozy, and bright Christmas.